De har en del speciella förmåner, åtminstone att de inte kan tvingas göra värnplikt, har de fler sådana?
Ett par exempel:
Slagsmål utbröt på måndagen mellan israelisk polis och några hundra ultraortodoxa judar i Beit Shemesh nära Jerusalem.
De religiösa trycker på för sträng segregering mellan kvinnor och män. De gav sig på ett israeliskt tv-team som filmade en skylt där kvinnor manades att inte gå framför en synagoga.
Vissa sekulära israeler är kritiska mot de ultraortodoxa – cirka tio procent av befolkningen – och gräl har den senaste tiden uppstått mellan grupperna.
http://www.dn.se/nyheter/varlden/ultrao ... dar-i-brak
Demonstrations are planned in the Israeli town of Beit Shemesh, near Jerusalem, against the way some ultra-Orthodox Jews treat women.
There have been clashes in the town between members of the conservative Jewish community and police.
Some ultra-Orthodox men have been demanding strict gender segregation and "modest" dress for women.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has vowed to end attempts to enforce segregation of the sexes.
He has said that harassment and discrimination have no place in a liberal democracy.
On Monday, one police officer was slightly hurt and a number of Orthodox Jews were detained after a group of some 300 ultra-Orthodox residents pelted police with stones and eggs.
The incident was reportedly triggered after police tried to remove a sign ordering segregation.
A television crew attempting to film in the town were surrounded and harassed - the second alleged attack on journalists in as many days.
On Sunday, a crew from Channel 2 news were attacked as they were filming, say reports, with rocks allegedly thrown at their van.
The alleged assault came days after Channel 2 aired a story about an eight-year-old American girl, Naama Margolese, who said she was afraid to walk to school because ultra-Orthodox men shouted at her.
Israeli ministers have hit back at concern expressed by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton that democracy is being eroded in the country.
She criticised recent attempts by the centre right-wing coalition to restrict donations to non-government organisations.
And she said attempts in some parts of Jerusalem to separate men and women on buses was "reminiscent of Rosa Parks".
Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz said she had "completely exaggerated".
She also expressed her shock at incidents pointing to a growing discrimination against Israeli women.
This included separate seating areas for women on some Jerusalem buses, which she compared with the 1950s era of Rosa Parks, the black American woman who refused to give up her bus seat for white passengers.
She said the case of some IDF soldiers who refused to remain for a performance by female singers was reminiscent of the situation in Iran.
Tzipi Livni welcomed Mrs Clinton's comments.
"Friends and admirers of Israel from within and without are worried about processes that Israel is undergoing," she said.
"This concern is coming from those who fight for us in the UN and against our detractors, and who act to preserve Israel's military advantage in the area."
Environmental Protection Minister Gilad Erdan said "elected offcials should concentrate on what is happening in their own countries." However he added that he shared her concern over the rights of women.
The ultra-orthodox community, which has a high birth rate, is growing rapidly. It accounts for just under 10% of the Israeli population at the moment - a proportion that is likely to double within 20 years.
And that matters because the community has come to be seen by many other Israelis as something of a burden on their economy - many ultra-orthodox men live on welfare, preferring to spend their time in prayerful contemplation of scripture rather than more conventional forms of employment.
As the community grows it is likely that it will expect - and acquire - more influence in Israeli society.